Serge is a type of that has diagonal lines or ridges on both sides, made with a two-up, two-down The variety is used in making,, great and Its counterpart, serge, is used for linings. French serge is a softer, finer variety. The word is also used for a high quality

Etymology and History

The name is derived from serge, itself from serica, from σηρικος (serikos), meaning “silken”. The early association of silk serge, Greece, and France is shown by the discovery in’s tomb of a piece of silk serge dyed with motifs, evidently a gift from the Byzantine Imperial Court in the or AD.

From early Saxon times, most English wool (“staples”) was exported. In the early it went mainly to a Royal at (then an English possession) and was woven into cloth in France or the However, with the capture of Calais by the French on, England began expanding its own weaving industry. This was greatly enhanced by the European Wars of Religion (,; in refugees from the Low Countries included many skilled serge weavers, while refugees in the early included many silk and linen weavers. is a fabric with a similar weave; its name is believed to be derived from “serge de Nîmes” after in France.